Industry Structure and Development

FACT, India's first large scale fertiliser unit was set up in 1943. In 1947, FACT Udyogamandal started production of Ammonium Sulphate with an installed capacity of 10,000 MT Nitrogen. FACT became a Kerala State Public Sector Enterprise on 15th August 1960 and 21st November 1962, the Government of India became the major shareholder.

The 2nd stage of expansion of FACT was completed in 1962. The 3rd stage of expansion of FACT was completed in 1965 with setting up of a new Ammonium Sulphate Plant.

FACT Engineering and Design Organisation was set up on 24th July 1965 to meet the emerging need for indigenous capabilities in vital areas of Engineering, Design and Consultancy for establishing large and modern fertiliser plants. FEDO has since then diversified into Chemicals, Petrochemicals, Hydrometallurgy, Pharmaceutical and other areas. FEDO offers services from project identification and evaluation stage to plant design, procurement, project management, site supervision and commissioning of new plants as well as revamping and modernisation of old plants.

FACT Engineering Works was established on 13th April 1966 as a unit to fabricate and install equipments for fertiliser plants. Over the years FEW developed capabilities in the fabrication of pressure vessels and heat exchangers. FEW has also undertaken laying of cross country piping and fabrication and installation of large penstocks of hydel projects.

The Cochin Division of FACT, the 2nd production Unit was set up at Ambalamedu and the 1st phase was commissioned in 1973. The 2nd phase of FACT Cochin Division was commissioned in 1976.

As a diversification plans from the traditional field of Fertilisers and Chemicals, 50000 TPA Caprolactam Plant at Udyogamandal was commissioned in 1990.

FACT set up 900 TPD Ammonia Plant at Udyogamandal at a cost of 638 Crores following an order of the High Court of Kerala in February 1994 on a Public Interest Litigation, to decommission the existing imported Ammonia storage and handling facility at Willington Island (Cochin Port). The Ammonia plant was commissioned in 1998.

The company's main business is manufacture and marketing of (a) Fertilisers (b) Caprolactam and Engineering Consultancy and Fabrication of Equipment.


22-09-1943   -   Incorporation
26-06-1947   -   Production started
15-08-1960   -   FACT came under Public Sector
21-11-1962   -   Govt. of India major share holder
1959-1960    -   UD 1st stage expansion completed
1962            -   UD 2nd stage expansion completed
16-03-1964   -   ICMA Award for utilizing byproduct gypsum
15-10-1966   -   UD 3rd stage expansion completed
1971            -   ICMA Award for technology transfer
01-10-1971   -   UD 4th stage Ammonia Plant
01-10-1973   -   UD 4th stage 150TPD Ammonium Phosphate
24-07-1965   -   FACT Engineering and Design Organisation
13-04-1966   -   FACT Engineering Works
07-06-1966   -   CD Phase-I License issued
27-04-1973   -   CD I Urea Plant commissioned
10-11-1976   -   CD II Sulphuric Acid Plant commissioned
10-12-1976   -   CD II Phosphoric Acid Plant commissioned
10-01-1977   -   CD II NPK trial run started
01-04-1976   -   CD II NPK commercial production started
18-05-1984   -   PD Caprolactam technical collaboration agreement
14-09-1984   -   PD Zero date of ASCL Project
06-08-1985   -   PD Caprolactam License issued
13-12-1989   -   FEW shifted to Palluruthy
26-07-1989   -   Award for excellence in performance 1986/7 from the Prime Minister of India
20-12-1990   -   CD-12MW Captive Power Plant
01-03-1991   -   PD Caprolactam commercial production started
01-03-1991   -   UD New Ammonium Sulphate commercial production started
25-09-1993   -   Foundation stone - 900 TPD Ammonia Plant
23-03-1998   -   900 TPD Ammonia plant commercial production started